The breaks look set to be put on the potential growth of Tullamore to stop the problem of 'citygenerated overspill'.
The National Planing Framework called 'Ireland 2040 Our Plan', restricts the population growth to just 25% over the next 20 years.
Between 2017 and 2040, approximately 25,000 new homes will need to be provided in Ireland every year to meet people’s needs for well-located and affordable housing, with increasing demand to cater for one and two person households.
The plan says there is scope for potential growth in all large towns in Ireland. In the context of Ireland 2040 as a National Framework, this will be determined by the relevant Regional Spatial and Economic Strategy (RSES) for each Regional Assembly area, also taking into consideration the potential of smaller towns and rural areas.
It says that within both the Eastern and Midland and Southern Regional Assembly areas, overall targeted population growth for large towns with >10,000 population in 2016 should generally be 20-25%, which is ahead of projected national average growth. Tullamore falls into this category. The purpose of this is to accommodate focused and proportionate growth while preventing excessive levels of citygenerated overspill development in certain locations.
In recognition of a significantly weaker urban structure in the north and west of Ireland, the plan aims for overall targeted population growth for large towns with >10,000 population in 2016 within the Northern and Western Regional Assembly area, should generally be 40%, or almost twice projected national average growth.
In all three Regional Assembly areas, this does not mean that individual settlements cannot develop beyond the generally targeted rate of growth for each area, but it does mean that they all can’t, as growth must generally be balanced between them at the regional and local planning stages.
It is appropriate that the Regional Spatial and Economic Strategies (RSESs) for each Regional Assembly area address the potential of large towns and their surrounding regional catchments in conjunction with consideration of growth targets for cities and smaller towns and rural areas.
The plan finds that determining future targeted patterns of growth in large towns, key considerations will include: Whether a settlement is located inside or outside one of the five defined City-Region catchments. The scale of employment provision and net commuting flows. Accessibility and influence in a regional context. The extent of local services provision i.e. administration; education - particularly third level; health; leisure and retail.
It says, particular sub-regional interdependencies, for example, where a settlement may be located in relation to a number of nearby settlements. Local ambition, initiative and commitment to achieve compact growth.
Within this figure, there is a wide range of differing housing needs that will be required to be met. On this basis and in applying the principle of reusing existing stock.
The breakdown in required units to 2040.: Overall number of units projected to 2040 550,000. Dublin City and Suburbs (Net Figure) 143,000; Other Cities and Suburbs 132,000; other Large Urban Areas (>10,000) 99,000; small towns (<10,000) and Rural Areas 176,000
In terms of overall population and employment growth and new housing provision, the five cities of Dublin, Cork, Limerick, Galway and Waterford will be targeted to accommodate 50% of overall national growth between them, with Ireland’s range of large and smaller towns, villages and rural areas accommodating the other 50%, within a better national infrastructure grid in terms of mobility, communications, energy systems and essential public and community services and facilities.
It says a more effective balance of growth between Ireland’s three regions – the Northern and Western; Southern; and Eastern and Midland (which includes Dublin), whereby the Northern and Western and Southern Regions combined should grow at broadly comparable rates to the Eastern and Midland, as opposed to a continuation of the current long-term trend whereby the rest of country has lagged behind the increasing rate of population, jobs and housing provision rates in Dublin and the wider Eastern and Midland area.
The plan aims for a major new policy emphasis on renewing and developing existing built-up areas rather than continual expansion and sprawl of cities and towns out into the countryside, with a target of at least 40% of new housing to be delivered within the existing built-up areas of cities, towns and villages on infill and/or brownfield sites.
To address rural decline, a significant proportion of national population and economic growth will be targeted at building up the fabric of our network of smaller towns, villages and rural areas with much of that happening by redeveloping derelict and under-utilised lands inside small towns and villages.
The projected level of population and jobs growth in the Eastern and Midland Regional Assembly which includes Laois area would be at least matched by that of Northern and Western and Southern Regional Assembly areas combined.
At least half (50%) of future population and jobs growth will be focused in the five Cities Dublin, Cork, Galway, Limerick, Waterford and their immediately adjoining suburbs. A target of around two-thirds (66%) to be focused in the cities and their suburbs together with a number of large regionally distributed towns and their environs to be identified through the Regional Spatial and Economic Strategy (RSES) process.
In terms of Ireland’s future population, targeting this pattern is significant because it represents a shift from projected trends. In the context of around one million additional people in Ireland by 2040, it means planning for:
- National Policy Objective 1b Eastern and Midland Region: a targeted 475,000 - 500,000 (0.475-0.5m) additional people, i.e. a population of around 2.8 million;
- Northern and Western Region: a targeted 150,000 - 175,000 (0.15-0.175m) additional people, i.e. a population of around 1 million;
- Southern Region: a targeted 350,000 - 375,000 (0.35-375m) additional people, i.e. a population of almost 2 million.
In similar terms, applying the ESRI projections for up to two-thirds of a million additional jobs in Ireland by 2040 means planning for a pattern of:
- National Policy Objective 1c Eastern and Midland Region: around 330,000 (0.33m) additional jobs, i.e. at least 1.33 million in total;
- The Northern and Western Region: around 110,000 (0.11m) additional jobs, i.e. at least 450,000 (0.45m) in total;
The Southern Region: around 220,000 (0.22m) additional jobs, i.e. at least 880,000 (0.88m) in total.
Ireland 2040 will be given full legislative support within the planning system, including regular review and update, reflecting changing circumstances and in line with city and county development plan review cycles.
The Government says it introduces more streamlined approaches to zoning land for development in line with infrastructure provision The planning legislation underpinning Ireland 2040 will also lead to the creation of a new independent Office of the Planning Regulator (OPR), which will also be responsible for monitoring implementation of Ireland 2040.
The plan says Ireland’s three Regional Assemblies must each prepare a regional strategy in accordance with the Framework set by Ireland 2040. The plan ads that this means that the Ireland 2040 will be followed through, while also enabling greater detail to be addressed, at an appropriate scale.
The plan replaces the National Spatial Strategy (NSS) the 20-year spatial plan published in 2002. Its replacement says public understanding of the document focused almost entirely on which cities and towns were designated as ‘gateways’ or ‘hubs’ to drive growth and build scale in their surrounding regions and localities. This gave rise to a perception of ‘winners’ and ‘losers’ that undermined the objectives that the NSS was seeking to achieve.
However, only the cities are specifically mentioned the new plan.