Keeping your home warm is key. Here are the recommended temperature levels that you should try to maintain inside your home:
21 degrees celcius (70 degrees Fahrenheit) during the daytime in your main room;
18 degrees celcius (64 degrees Fahrenheit) at night-time in the bedroom;
Speak to your doctor about having a flu vaccination – it can offer protection, especially if you have underlying health problems.
Have at least one hot meal a day and have hot drinks at regular intervals, especially before you go to bed.
Eat a range of foods including fruit and vegetables so that you are getting plenty of nutrients and vitamins – frozen vegetables are as good as fresh so a bag of frozen peas, broccoli or runner beans, and some tinned fruit are ideal to keep as back up in case you find yourself unable to get out and about.
Wear layered clothing or thermal underwear under your clothing as this will trap warm air.
Wear a hat, gloves and scarf when you go out in cold weather, even for short periods.
If you are sitting down have a throw handy and try to keep your feet up as the air is cooler at ground level.
Keep warm in bed – dress appropriately. Use an electric blanket or hot water bottle to warm the bed if it’s very cold – but never use these together – water and electric do not mix! Read the instructions on your electric blanket carefully and get it checked every three years or sooner if you think it needs it. Replace after three years.
Choose your footwear carefully in winter. Go for shoes or boots with non-slip soles and a warm lining or wear thermal socks.
Have a cold weather plan.
Keep a supply of essentials in the cupboard in case it gets very cold or snowy and you can’t go out for a few days.
Is there a friend or neighbour who will collect a prescription, pay a bill or get some bread or milk for you if you need it? Could you be a good neighbour to someone else?
Keep simple cold, flu and sore throat remedies in the house.
Staying active generates heat and helps you keep warm. Move around in the home at regular intervals if you can, or do a few exercises in your chair if you can’t - keep the blood circulating. Try not to sit still for more than an hour. Spread your activity across the day, so don’t rush to do everything in the morning and then sit all afternoon.
Try not to isolate yourself - get out in the daytime if you can – socialise, enjoy being with other people.
Make sure your smoke alarm is working and consider installing a carbon monoxide detector.